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English 105

Resources needed for Library Sessions.

In-Class Activity

Working in pairs, explore both site listed below. Each is from a major pediatrics organization, and each will be an article about the release of their guidelines for children's media use. Please open both websites.


With both websites open, I want you to take a look at them. You can look at the pages provided, but I am not asking you which article is better, but which source you trust more overall.

You can go about figuring out which source you trust more however you like. You can check citations, you can explore the rest of the websites, you can try and look up authors -- however you go about figuring out what information you should trust online.


If running late on time, Evaluate a news article from The Hill

Source Evaluation

Video brought to you by NCSU Libraries. 

CARS Method of Source Evaluation

The Internet has made finding information easy, but the influx of information at your fingertips makes your job of evaluating resources that much more important. You need to make sure that you are only using the most reliable information for your research. The CARS (Credibility, Accuracy, Reasonableness, and Support) method of evaluating is a good tool to help you decide if the article you just found is worthy of your paper. 

Fill out CARS Checklist for Source Evaluation Worksheet.docx Click for more options

  as you evaluate the sources you will use in your paper. 




You want to ensure that your source is authoritative and credible. You also need to make sure that the source includes reliable evidence that you trust. 

Who is the author or publisher? 

  • What can you find out about the author?
    • What is their education?
    • Have they published anything else?
  • Who produces the journal, website or book? 

Is there a mechanism for quality control? 

  • Does the information come from a peer-reviewed journal?
  • Is there an editor or editorial staff? 



Ensure that your source is presenting information that is correct, up-to-date, detailed, exact, and comprehensive. 

Is it timely?

  • When was the source published?
  • Has knowledge of the topic changed since the publication date?

Is it comprehensive?

  • Does the article present information from both sides of a debate?
  • Does the article support its claims with strong evidence?

Who is the audience?

  • Is the information meant for general readers, scholars, or leaders in the field? 
  • Is the article easy to read?
  • Does the article use technical language or jargons specific to the field in which it was written? 

Is it accurate?

  • Does the author cite where they got their information? 



Ensure that your source's approach to the information is fair, objective, moderate, and consistent. 

Is it fair?

  • Why is the author writing this piece? To inform? To sell? To persuade?

Is it objective? 

  • Can you discern any bias?

Is it moderate?

  • Does the article present facts in a calm manner, or does it use emotional language?
  • Does the article present evidence in a way that makes sense? 

Is it consistent?

  • Does the article contradict other research that you have found on the topic?



Use sources that are supported by evidence and clearly cite the evidence that they used. 

How does the source site its sources?

  • What sources were used?
  • Is there a bibliography or links to sources?
  • How often does the author cite evidence?
  • Are the sources cited valid? Up-to-date? Related to the arguments presented in your source?