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JOUR 110: Fundamentals of Journalism

Guide Overview

As you begin the practice of journalism, evaluating the resources you use in your reporting is key to ensure presenting accurate and useful information. Below you will find tools to guide you in assessing the reliability and relevance of both print and online sources.


Use the CRAAP Test to check the reliability of your resources.

CRAAP Test: Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose


Information Life Cycle

Be aware of the Information Life Cycle

Pay attention to how information travels between and is presented by different media platforms. Where does the reporting stop and the echo chamber begin? 

Information cycle



Source: De Montfort University Library

Consuming News

How do you sort through the huge swath of information we are inundated with everyday? What's fact and what's opinion?

  • Read multiple outlets.
  • In breaking news situations, wait for full details to emerge. 
  • Be aware of indefinite language such as 'likely' or 'probably' that can indicate opinion or supposition rather than factual reporting.
  • Be aware of when and how anonymous sources are used.
  • Verify before you share.