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Modern Life and Its Discontents: Sociology

Class-Specific Guides

Definitions

Modernity: The idea of modernity concerns the interpretation of the present time in light of historical reinterpretation. It refers too to the confluence of the cultural, social, and political currents in modern society. The term signals a tension between its various dynamics and suggests a process by which society constantly renews itself.

from: Encyclopedia of Sociology, 2007.

 

Modernization: Modernization is an encompassing process of massive social changes that, once set in motion, tends to penetrate all domains of life, from economic activities to social life to political institutions, in a self-reinforcing process. Modernization brings an intense awareness of change and innovation, linked with the idea that human societies are progressing.

from: Encyclopedia of Sociology, 2007.

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